How Surgeons Prepared for Battles

Preparing massive armies for large-scale combat engagements involved every single person and department, from providing ammunition to troops to delivering orders to and from commands. Besides the jobs that assisted in achieving strategic and tactical victories on the battlefield, the most important, and laborious, role in both the Federal and Confederate armies was care of the…

Becoming Hardened to Horror as a Surgeon

The nature of the Civil War surgeon’s work was harrowing, marked by bloodshed, gore, suffering, torture, and death. In the Overland Campaign of 1864, this was especially true as nearly 100,000 men became casualties of war in less than two months of near-continuous combat. On May 24, 1864, during the Battle of North Anna, Surgeon…